1. A Brief History of Physical Education: Emmett Rice.1926; A.S. Barnes and Co.

2. Gymnastics and Tumbling: Price, Keeney, Giallombardo, and Phillips. U.S. Naval Institute.
1943; George Banta, Co., Inc.

3.Judd, DeCarlo, and Kern. Exhibition Gymnastics. 1969. Associated Press, New York.

4. Bailey, James Handbook of Gymnastics in the Schools. 1974, Allyn and Bacon, Inc.

6. Frederick, A. Bruce, Ph.D. Roots of American Gymnastics. 1996

7. 1904 St. Louis Olympic Games by Malcolm Andrews.

8 USAG online: 2000 Olympic Games: History of US Gymnasts.


10.USAG online: 2000 Olympic Games: History of US Gymnasts.

11.The Crimson and The Gray: 100 Years With The WSU Cougars. Pullman, WA. Washington State University Press. Fry, R.B., 1989.

12.WMGF News, Dec. 2003

13. History of Men's Competitive Gymnastics in The State of Washington 1971 Master's Thesis by Robert Joseph Bosse. University of Washington.

Many photos included in this website are from Mary Sarvers original manuscript. Others noted, or from personal files.